Exxon/Mobil Records, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin
Imperial Oil Archives, Glenbow Museum and Archives, Calgary
Imperial Oil Annual Reports, 1927–2016. Imperial Oil Archives
Royalite Records, Glenbow Museum and Archives, Calgary
Newspapers and Journals
Globe and Mail
Imperial Oil Review
Nickle’s Daily Oil Bulletin
Barkhouse, Joyce. Abraham Gesner. Don Mills: Fitzhenry & Whiteside, 1980.
Bellamy, Matthew. Profiting the Crown: Canada’s Polymer Corporation 1942–1990. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2005.
Bertrand, Robert. Canada’s Oil Monopoly. Toronto: James Lorimer, 1981.
Black, Brian. Petrolia: The Landscape of America’s First Oil Boom. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2000.
Bower, Tom. Oil: Money, Politics and Power in the 21st Century. New York: Grand Central Publishing, 2009.
Boyd, David R. Unnatural Law: Rethinking Canadian Environmental Law and Policy. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press, 2003.
Breen, David H. Alberta’s Petroleum Industry and the Conservation Board. Edmonton: University of Alberta Press, 1993.
Brennan, Brian. The Good Steward: The Ernest C. Manning Story. Calgary: Fitzhenry & Whiteside, 2008.
Burr, Christina. Canada’s Victorian Oil Town: The Transformation of Petrolia from a Resource Town into a Victorian Community. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2006.
Chastko, Paul. Developing Alberta’s Oil Sands from Karl Clark to Kyoto. Calgary: University of Calgary Press, 2004.
Chernow, Ron. Titan: The Life of John D. Rockefeller. New York: Vintage Press, 1998.
Childs, William R. The Texas Railroad Commission: Understanding Regulation in the Mid-20th Century. College Station, TX: Texas A&M University Press, 2005.
Clark-Jones, Melissa. A Staple State: Canadian Industrial Resources in Cold War. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1987.
Clarke, Tony. Tar Sands Showdown: Canada and the Politics of Oil in an Age of Climate Change. Toronto: Lorimer, 2008.
Cobban, Timothy W. Cities of Oil. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2013.
Coll, Steve. Private Empire: Exxon Mobil and American Power. New York: Penguin Books, 2013.
Crane, David. Controlling Interest: The Canadian Oil and Gas Stakes. Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 1982.
Craven, Paul. An Impartial Umpire: Industrial Relations and the Canadian State 1900–1911. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1980.
De La Pedraja, René. Energy Politics in Colombia. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1989.
DeMille, George. Oil in Canada West: The Early Years. Calgary: Northwest Printing and Lithographing, 1970.
Doern, G. Bruce. The Politics of Energy: The Development and Implementation of the National Energy Policy. Toronto: Methuen, 1985.
Finch, David. Hell’s Half Acre: Early Days in the Great Alberta Oil Patch. Surrey, BC: Heritage House, 2005.
Fitzgerald, Robert. The Rise of the Global Company: Multinationals and the Making of the Modern World. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2015.
Forster, Ben. A Conjunction of Interests: Business, Politics and Tariffs 1825–1879. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1986.
Fossum, John. Oil, the State and Federalism: The Rise and Demise of Petro Canada as a Statist Impulse. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1997.
Foster, Peter. The Blue Eyed Sheikhs: The Canadian Oil Establishment. Toronto: Collins, 1979.
——— . The Sorcerer’s Apprentices: Canada’s Super-Bureaucrats and the Energy Mess. Toronto: Collins, 1982.
——— . Self Serve: How Petro Canada Pumped Canadians Dry. Toronto: MacFarlane Walter & Ross, 1992.
——— . Other People’s Money: The Banks, The Government and Dome. Don Mills, ON: Collins, 1983.
Gibb, George S., and Evelyn H. Knowlton. The History of Standard Oil (New Jersey): The Resurgent Years 1911–1927. New York: Harper & Row, 1956.
Gitelman, Howard. The Legacy of the Ludlow Massacre: A Chapter in American Industrial Relations. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1988.
Goodsell, Charles. American Corporations and Peruvian Politics. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1974.
Gorman, Hugh S. Redefining Efficiency: Pollution Concerns, Regulatory Mechanisms and Technological Change in the U.S. Petroleum Industry. Akron: University of Akron Press, 2001.
Gray, Earle. Super Pipe: The Arctic Pipeline – World’s Greatest Fiasco? Toronto: Griffin House, 1979.
——— . Forty Years in the Public Interest: A History of the National Energy Board. Toronto: Douglas & McIntyre, 2000.
——— . The Great Canadian Oil Patch: The Petroleum Era from Birth to Peak, 2nd ed. Edmonton: June Warren Publishers, 2004.
——— . Ontario’s Petroleum Legacy. Edmonton: Heritage Community Foundation, 2008.
Gray, James R. R.B. Bennett: The Calgary Years. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1991.
Hanson, Eric J. Dynamic Decade: The Evolution and Effects of the Oil Industry in Alberta. Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 1958.
Hidy, Ralph W., and Muriel Hidy. The History of Standard Oil (New Jersey): Pioneering in Big Business. New York: Harper & Row, 1955.
Hunt, Joyce E. Local Push, Global Pull: The Untold History of the Athabasca Oil Sands 1910–30. Calgary: J.E. Hunt, 2011.
Jones, Geoffrey. Multinationals and Global Capitalism: From the Nineteenth to the Twenty-First Century. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 2005.
Kerr, Aubrey. Leduc. Calgary: Altona, 1991.
Kilbourn, William. Pipeline: Transcanada and the Great Debate, A History of Business and Politics. Toronto: Clarke Irwin, 1970.
Klaren, Peter. Peru: Society and Nationhood in the Andes. New York: Oxford University Press, 2000.
Lael, Richard. Arrogant Diplomacy: U.S. Policy toward Colombia 1903–1922. Wilmington: Scholarly Resources Press, 1987.
Larson, Henrietta, Evelyn H. Knowlton, and Charles Popple. History of Standard Oil (New Jersey): New Horizons 1927–1950. New York: Harper & Row, 1971.
LeRiche, Timothy. Alberta’s Oil Patch: The People, Politics and Companies. Calgary: Folklore Publishing, 2006.
Lieuwen, Edward. Petroleum in Venezuela: A History. New York: Russell and Russell, 1954.
May, Gary. Hard Oiler!: The Story of Canadians Quest for Oil at Home and Abroad. Toronto: Dundurn Press, 1998.
McKenzie Brown, Peter. Bitumen: The People, Performance and Passion behind Alberta’s Oil Sands. Calgary: Create Space Independent Publishing Platform, 2017.
McKenzie Brown, Peter, David Finch, and Gordon Jarenko. The Great Oil Age: The Petroleum Industry in Canada. Calgary: Detselig Enterprises, 1993.
McNally, Robert. Crude Volatility: The History and Future of Boom-Bust Oil Prices. New York: Columbia University Press, 2017.
McQuaig, Linda. Behind Closed Doors. Markham: Penguin Books Canada, 1987.
Morritt, Hope. Rivers of Oil: The Founding of North America’s Petroleum Industry. Kingston: Quarry Press, 1993.
Nikiforuk, Andrew. Tar Sands: Dirty Oil and the Future of a Continent. Vancouver: Greystone Books, 2010.
O’Connor, Harvey. World Crisis in Oil. New York: Monthly Review Press, 1962.
Page, Robert. Northern Development: The Canadian Dilemma. Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 1986.
Palacios, Marco. Between Legitimacy and Violence: A History of Colombia 1875–2002. Durham: University of North Carolina Press, 2006.
Philip, George. Oil and Politics in Latin America: Nationalist Movements and State Companies. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1982.
Pike, Frederick. The Modern History of Peru. New York: Praeger, 1967.
Pineto, Alberto. The Multinational Corporation as a Force in Latin American Politics: A Case Study of the International Petroleum Company in Peru. New York: Praeger, 1973.
Pratt, Joseph A., and William E. Hale. Exxon: Transforming Energy 1973–2005. Austin, TX: Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, 2009.
Purdy, G.A. Petroleum: Prehistoric to Petrochemicals. Toronto: Copp Clark, 1957.
Randall, Stephen J. The Diplomacy of Modernization: Colombian-American Relations 1920–1940. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1971.
——— . United States Foreign Oil Policy since World War I, 2nd ed. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2005.
Sampson, Anthony. The Seven Sisters: The Great Oil Companies and the World They Made. New York: Viking Press, 1975.
Sandwell, R.W., ed. Powering Up Canada: A History of Power, Fuel, and Energy from 1600. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2016.
Sherrill, Robert. The Oil Follies of 1970–1980. New York: Anchor Press, 1983.
Singer, Jonathan. Broken Trusts: The Texas Attorney General versus the Oil Industry 1889–1909. College Station, TX: Texas A&M University Press, 2002.
Thomas, Victor Bulmer. The Economic History of Latin America since Independence. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2003.
Thorp, Rosemary, and Geoffrey Bartram. Peru 1890–1977: Growth and Policy in an Open Economy. New York: Columbia University Press, 1978.
Waite, Peter B. In Search of R.B. Bennett. Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2012.
Wall, Bennett H. Growth in a Changing Environment: A History of Standard Oil (New Jersey) 1950–1972. New York: McGraw Hill, 1988.
Wall, Bennett H., and George S. Gibb. Teagle of Jersey Standard. New Orleans: Tulane University Press, 1974.
Weinberg, Steve. Taking on the Trust. New York: Norton, 2008.
Wilkins, Mira. The Emergence of Multinational Enterprise: American Business Abroad from the Colonial Era to 1914. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1970.
——— . The Maturing of Multinational Enterprise: American Business Abroad from 1914 to 1970. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1974.
——— . The History of Foreign Investment in the United States 1914–1945. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2004.
Williamson, Harold F., and Arnold R. Daum. The American Petroleum Industry: The Age of Illumination 1859–1899. Evanston: Northwestern University Press, 1955.
Williamson, Harold F., Ralph L. Andreano, Arnold R. Daum, and Gilbert C. Klose. The American Petroleum Industry: The Age of Energy 1899–1959. Westport, CT: Greenwood & Publishers, 1959.
Wirth, John D., ed. Latin American Oil Companies and the Politics of Energy. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1985.
Yergin, Daniel. The Prize: The Epic Quest for Oil, Money and Power. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1991.
Articles and Chapters
Anastakis, Dimitry. “A War on Pollution? Canadian Responses to the Automotive Emissions Problem, 1970–80.” Canadian Historical Review 90, no. 1 (March 2009): 99–137.
Ankli, Robert W. “Adoption of the Gas Tractor in Western Canada.” Canadian Papers in Rural History 2 (1980): 9–39.
Barry, Patricia. “The Prolific Pipeline: Getting Canol under Way.” Dalhousie Review 56, no. 2 (Summer 1976): 252–67.
Beaton, Kendall. “Dr. Gesner’s Kerosene: The Start of American Oil Refining.” Business History Review 39 (February 1955): 28–53.
Benidickson, Jamie. “The Evolution of Canadian Water Law and Policy: Securing Safe and Sustainable Abundance.” McGill Journal of Sustainable Development 13, no. 1 (2017): 61–103.
Birkenshaw, Julian, and Torben Petersen. “Strategy and Management in MNE Subsidiaries.” In Oxford Handbook of International Business, 2nd edition, edited by A.M. Rugman and T.L. Brewer, 367–88. New York: Oxford University Press, 2010.
Breen, David. “Atlantic No. 3 Disaster: From Raging Inferno to ‘Beacon of Promise.’” In Harm’s Way: Disasters in Western Canada, edited by Anthony Rasporich, 157–75. Calgary: University of Calgary Press, 2004.
Brown, Jonathan C. “Jersey Standard and the Politics of Latin American Oil Production, 1911–1930.” In Latin American Oil Companies and the Politics of Energy, edited by John D. Wirth, 1–50. Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press, 1985.
Bucheli, Marcelo. “Canadian Multinational Corporations and Economic Nationalism: The Case of Imperial Oil Ltd. in Alberta (Canada) and Colombia, 1899–1938.” Enterprise and History 54 (April 2009): 67–85.
Chastko, Paul. “Anonymity and Ambivalence: The Canadian and American Oil Industries and the Emergence of Continental Oil.” Journal of American History 99, no. 1 (June 2012): 166–76.
Finch, David. “The History of the Conservation Board.” Alberta Oil Magazine, 29 July 2008.
Grant, Hugh. “The ‘Mysterious’ Jacob L. Englehart and the Early Ontario Petroleum Industry.” Ontario History 85, no. 1 (March 1993): 65–75.
——— . “Solving the Labour Problem at Imperial Oil: Welfare Capitalism in the Canadian Petroleum Industry, 1919–1929.” Labour/Le Travail 41 (Spring 1998): 69–95.
Grant, Hugh, and Henry Thille. “Tariffs, Strategy and Structure: Competition and Collusion in the Ontario Petroleum Industry, 1870–1880.” Journal of Economic History 61, no. 2 (June 2001): 390–413.
Gray, Earle. “Gesner, Williams and the Birth of the Oil Industry.” Oil Industry History 9 (2003): 11–23.
Helliwell, John F., Mary E. MacGregor, Robert N. MacRae, and Andre Plourde. “Oil and Gas Taxation.” Osgoode Hall Law Journal 26, no. 3 (Fall 1988): 453–94.
Knight, Oliver. “Oil – Canada’s New Wealth.” Business History Review 30, no. 2 (September 1956): 297–329.
Lemann, Nicholas. “So You Want to be Chairman of Exxon?” Texas Monthly, December 1978. www.texasmonthly.com/articles.
Lissee, Erik. “Betrayed: Leduc, Manning and Surface Rights in Alberta 1947–55.” Prairie Forum 35, no. 1 (Spring 2010): 77–100.
Magoc, Chris J. “Reflections on the Public Interpretation of Environmental History in Western Pennsylvania.” Public Historian 36, no. 3 (August 2014): 50–69.
McBryde, W.A.E. “Ontario Early Pilot Plant for the Chemical Refining of Oil in North America.” Ontario History 79, no. 3 (September 1987): 203–29.
——— . “Petroleum ‘Deodorized’: The Early Canadian History of the ‘Doctor Sweetening Process.’” Annals of Science 48, no. 2 (1991): 103–11.
Nemeth, Tammy. “Pat Carney and the Dismantling of the National Energy Program.” Past Imperfect 7 (1998): 87–123.
——— . “Consolidating the Continental Drift: American Influence on Diefenbaker’s National Oil Policy.” Journal of Canadian History 13, no. 1 (2002): 191–215.
Page, Robert. “The Early History of the Canadian Oil Industry 1860–1900.” Queen’s Quarterly 91, no. 4 (Winter 1984): 849–66.
Phelps, Edward. “Foundations of the Canadian Oil Industry 1850–1866.” In Profiles of a Province: Studies in the History of Ontario, edited by Edith Firth, 156–9. Toronto: Ontario Historical Society, 1969.
Pratt, Joseph A. “Letting the Grandchildren Do It: Environmental Planning during the Ascent of Oil as a Major Energy Source.” Public Historian 2, no. 4 (Summer 1980): 28–61.
——— . “Exxon and the Control of Oil.” Journal of American History 99, no. 1 (June 2012): 145–54.
Saywell, John T. “The Early History of Canadian Oil Companies: A Chapter in Canadian Business History.” Ontario History 53, no. 1 (1961): 68–71.
Shulman, Peter. “The Making of a Tax Break: The Oil Depletion Allowance, Scientific Taxation and Natural Resource Policy in the Early Twentieth Century.” Journal of Policy History 23, no. 3 (June 2011): 281–322.
Steward, Gillian. “The Age of Imperialism Comes to an End.” Canadian Business, August 1982, 61–71.
Taylor, Graham D. “Sun Oil and Great Canadian Oil Sands Ltd.: The Financing and Management of a ‘Pioneer’ Enterprise 1962–74.” Journal of Canadian Studies 20, no. 2 (Autumn 1985): 102–21.
——— . “From Branch Operation to Integrated Subsidiary: The Reorganisation of Imperial Oil under Walter Teagle, 1911–1917.” Business History 34, no. 3 (July 1994): 49–69.
——— . “Under (Canadian) Cover: Standard Oil (New Jersey) and the International Petroleum Company in Peru and Colombia 1914–1948.” Management and Organizational History 10, no. 2 (2015): 153–69.
Wilkins, Mira. “Multinational Oil Companies in South America in the 1920s.” Business History Review 48, no. 3 (1974): 414–46.
——— . “The History of Multinational Enterprise.” In The Oxford Handbook of International Business, 2nd edition, edited by A.M. Rugman and T.L. Brewer, 3–38. New York: Oxford University Press, 2010.
Barry, Patricia. “The Canol Project: An Adventure of the U.S. War Department in Canada’s Northwest.” Edmonton: P.A. Barry, 1985. Trent University Archives, Peterborough, Ontario.
Bucheli, Marcelo. “Multinational Oil Companies in Colombia and Mexico: Corporate Strategy, Nationalism and Local Politics.” Paper presented at the International Economic Meeting, Helsinki, 2006.
Charlton, W.G. “Imperial Oil History 1950–1975” (ca. 1981). IOL pub 1a-22. Imperial Oil Archives.
“Esso Mariners – A History of Imperial Oil’s Fleet Operations, 1899 to 1980.” IOL pub 1a-20. Imperial Oil Archives.
Ewing, John S. History of Imperial Oil (ca. 1951), 4 volumes. IOL pub 1a-8. Imperial Oil Archives, Glenbow Museum and Archives, Calgary, Alberta.
Finch, David. “Leduc – A Living History.” 2007. IOL pub 1a-27. Imperial Oil Archives.
Grant, Hugh. “The Petroleum Industry and Canadian Economic Development: An Economic History 1900–1961.” PhD diss., University of Toronto, 1986.
Grant, Hugh, and Henry Thille. “How Standard Oil Came to Canada: The Monopolization of Canadian Petroleum Refining, 1886–1898.” Working Paper, 2004. http://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc.gue.guelph.2004-4.
Greene, William N. “Strategies of the Major Oil Companies.” PhD diss., Harvard University, 1982.
Jackson, David L. “A Study of Imperial Oil Limited.” 1964. IOL pub 6-24. Imperial Oil Archives.
Kheraj, Sean. “Manifold Destiny: A History of Oil Pipelines in Canada.” Riley Fellowship Lecture on Canadian History, University of Winnipeg, 26 October 2017.
——— . “An Environmental History of the Hearings on the Norman Wells Pipeline in the 1980s.” Riley Fellowship Lecture on Canadian History, University of Winnipeg, 27 October 2017.
Little, Edward J.H. “Fixed Asset Accounting for an Integrated Oil Company.” 1968. IOL pub 6-31. Imperial Oil Archives.
Mason, Moya K. “From Mackenzie King’s 1923 Combines Investigation Act to the Competition Act of 1986.” www.moyak.com/papers/combines-investigation-act.
Nemeth, Tammy. “Canada-U.S. Oil and Gas Relations 1958 to 1974.” PhD diss., University of British Columbia, 2007.
Stefan, Rinaldo. “Report on Imperial Oil Ltd.” 1996. IOL pub 6-157. Imperial Oil Archives.